1,416 (July 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 232
Congregational Christian Church 70%, Roman Catholic 28%, other 2% note: on Atafu, all Congregational Christian Church of Samoa; on Nukunonu, all Roman Catholic; on Fakaofo, both denominations, with the Congregational Christian Church predominant
Tokelauan (a Polynesian language), English
tropical; moderated by trade winds (April to November)
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m highest point: unnamed location 5 m
lies in Pacific typhoon belt
Originally settled by Polynesian emigrants from surrounding island groups, the Tokelau Islands were made a British protectorate in 1889. They were transferred to New Zealand administration in 1925. Referenda held in 2006 and 2007 to change the status of the islands from that of a New Zealand territory to one of free association with New Zealand did not meet the needed threshold for approval.